Kashgar or Kashi is an oasis city with approximately 350.000 residents in the western part of the Xinjiang UyghurAutonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.
Kashgar is the administrative centre of Kashgar Prefecture which has an area of 162.000 km and a population of approximately 3.5 million.
The city covers an area of 15 km. The altitude averages 1.289 m/4.282 ft. above sea level. The city is located in the western extremity of China.
The earliest mention of Kashgar occurs when the Chinese Han Dynasty envoy traveled the Northern Silk Road to explore lands to the west.
Another early mention of Kashgar is during the Former Han (aslo known as the Western Han Dynasty), when in 76 BC the Chinese conqured the Xionganu, Yutian (Khotan), Sulei (Kashgar), and a group of states in the Tarim Basin Almost up to the foot of the Tian Shan Mountains.
The Uyghurs employed an alphabet based upon the Syriac and borrowed from the Nestorian, but after converting to Islam widely used also an Arabic script. They spoke a dialect of Turkic claimed to be preserved in the KudatkuBilik, a moral treatise composed in 1065.